WATER SANITATION AND HEALTH (WASH)
The SSPP focuses on the Most At Risk Populations (MARPs) and we concentrate on the vulnerable areas. Through this we can’t ignore the sensitisation of the locals and the health of people as we look at slums. Case in point is the accessibility, collection and storage of water and this is what encouraged us to take on WASH as a project, which was to sensitise the households in the urban areas and the rural areas. For effectiveness, WASH in urban and rural areas has been separated and different models used in the approach have been devised because of the differences in a number of factors such as the different characteristics of the target population and their environment.
WASH in the Urban Areas.
In urban areas it is noted that the slum households hold a risk to themselves and thus the main objective being “To sensitise slum households in urban areas whilst linking community health facilities and revitalising community health structures or leadership as SSPP increases access to information and services related to WASH.” We focus on the areas of Bwaise, Kikoni, Kagugube, Katanga and Banda aiming to sensitise at least 5000 households per slum for 5 slums by end of 2018. We have also come up with the “critical 8” which are necessary for each household including a hand washing facility, a clean utensil stand, a properly ventilated toilet, clean source of water, clean water storage facilities, a garbage bag, house cleaning equipment and sanitised water and along with this we intend to link the health facilities to the community through baseline and feasibility studies at community level that enable us understand the community where we are to implement. We also empower and utilise the local existing structures and leaders to attain the necessities of the sanitised slum households through guiding and training the local youth and students. This enables them achieve the realisation of the best WASH practices especially for the “critical 8.” All this is done to incorporate an entrepreneur model into WASH activities to increase employment and sustainability for the project.
WASH in the Rural Areas
The rural areas as compared to the urban areas are not as densely populated and have different development strategies but they are exposed to the same type of dangers hence our decision to export WASH to the rural areas. Through this we aim to revitalise the need and urgency to improve on WASH in rural areas through increasing access to and utilisation of information on the best and cheap WASH practices applicable to the rural environment. One of the strategies employed is involving the beneficiaries themselves and that is why we intend to reach out to 10000 young people and 500 youth led households and community level next year. The need to revitalise key WASH models such as the see 10 having the 10 key WASH practices that can be seen at household level makes it easier to advocate for and inspire communities to self-place and self-establish key community practices. In this sense we also get to tackle the existing problems of Diarrhoea, Cholera and Typhoid (DCT) that are caused due to poor water hygiene.
The high rates of DCTs in the red flagged rural areas evoke the desire to create and strengthen DCT centres or affordable treatment as well as act as an information hub. This is done to give capacity to health centres to properly diagnose and sensitise on DCT cases, link them to the community and vice-versa. To be noted is the fact that the population comprises of mainly youth as the highest number so we aim to engage youth of key sub counties in Luuka, Namutumba Manafwa and Tororo to sensitise and make known key principles of WASH. Not forgetting the beneficiaries, we aim to inspire action from stakeholders and empower local authority to follow up the basic WASH adaptations supported by the law and support the formation of Bi laws to guide the local communities through the CBMES model.